One of the best ways to improve the look, value, and durability of a home is with hardwood flooring. Besides adding a rich look to any room, hardwood floors are also environmentally friendly. Wood is a natural resource that can be refinished many times over, and it’s also recyclable. Hardwood floors are available in an array of colors and finishes too, so you’ll be able to choose from a wide variety of options once you begin working on flooring projects.
Since there are so many hardwood flooring options available today that require their own level of care, installations might seem daunting. All you need, however, is the right planning, materials, and tools. If you’re interested in pursuing a carpentry career, read on to learn a few of the basics of hardwood flooring installations.
Students in Carpenter Courses Should Know How to Pick the Right Floor Types
Knowing how to choose the right type of floor for a particular space is the first step in planning an installation. When making your choice, you’ll have three main options for floor types, and a wide variety of wood types to consider. The three main floor types are:
1. Solid wood flooring is available in both pre-finished and unfinished versions, in case you want to add a stain. Solid wood flooring includes strip flooring, plank flooring, and parquet flooring. All of these types make for a relatively simple installation.
2. Engineered wood flooring is durable because it’s produced by adhering layers of plastic veneer with real wood.
3. Acrylic-impregnated wood flooring is tough and durable because the entire thickness of the wood is infused with sealant and color. It’s typically scratch-resistant and is popular for commercial uses.
Another decision you’ll have to make once you become a carpenter is the type of wood to use for a flooring project. There are plenty of options including oak, ash, and cypress that come in a selection of shades.
Students in Carpenter Courses Should Get Familiar with Installation Methods
After deciding what type of flooring to use, your next step during a hardwood flooring project is to choose your installation method. There are four methods you can use for hardwood flooring installation:
1. Nail down method: With the nail down method, you’ll use nails to fasten the flooring to the subfloor. You’ll learn during your carpenter courses that subflooring is the framing used to support the many surface flooring options that are available.
2. Staple down method: You can also use the staple down method, where you’ll use staples instead of nails to attach hardwood to the subfloor.
3. Glue down method: The glue down method is for engineered wood and parquet flooring. In this case, you’d use a strong adhesive to get the job done.
4. Floating floor method: Floating floors offer the easiest and fastest installation method. Floating floors aren’t attached to subfloors. Instead, they’re usually placed on a pad above them. You’ll only need glue to hold the boards together, or—in some cases—floating floor boards are even designed to be easily snapped together.
A Carpenter Training School Student’s Guide to Hardwood Floor Finishes
The last step in hardwood flooring installation is to add a coat of finish. A finish is a topcoat that protects hardwood flooring from day-to-day wear and tear. There are a number of finishes available that make hardwood flooring even more customizable. You can use a finish that changes the wood’s colour, or go with something that adds a high gloss. Pre-finished flooring is also available, which is more expensive, but can save time on projects with a tight deadline.
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