Fundamentals of Refrigeration
In this unit, students will discuss the various applications for high, medium and low temperature refrigeration. Students will describe the basic refrigeration cycle, describe the term ton of refrigeration and explain the relationship between pressure and the boiling point of water or other liquids.
Refrigeration Tools and Materials
In this unit, students will describe the function of the evaporator or cooling ring, discuss the function of the condensing coil and state the purpose of the metering device. They will describe the proper procedures for working with pressurized systems and vessels, electric energy, heat, cold, rotating machinery and chemicals; for moving heavy objects and for utilizing proper ventilation. In addition, they will describe the hand tools used by the air-conditioning, heating and refrigeration technician and describe the equipment used to install and service air-conditioning, heating and ventilation systems.
In this unit, students will explain the function of the compressor in a refrigeration system, discuss the compression ratio and describe the four different methods of compression. Students will state the specific conditions under which a compressor is expected to operator; explain the difference between a hermatic compressors a semi-hermatic compressor; and describe the various working parts of reciprocating and rotary compressors.
Electrical Fundamentals, Circuits and Controls
In this unit, student will explain the characteristics that make certain materials good conductors, describe how magnetism is used to produce electricity, and state the difference between alternating current and direct current. Students will list the units of measurement for electricity and explain the differences between series and parallel circuits. They will also make general comparisons between different bimetal applications, describe partial liquid, partial vapour-filled controls, and distinguish between the bellows, diaphragm and bourdon tube.
Refrigerants Recovery and Reclaiming
In this unit, students will describe ozone depletion and global warming, differentiate between CFCs, HCFCs, HFCs and HCs, and discuss popular refrigerants and their applications. Discuss refrigerant blends and how temperature glide and fractionation applies to it. Students will discuss refrigerant oils and their applications, define the terms recover, recycle and reclaim and describe the methods of recovering refrigerants, including active and passive methods.
Fundamentals of Air Conditioning
In this unit, students will explain three ways in which heat transfers into a structure. They will be able to state two ways in that air is conditioned for cooling. They will be able to describe an air-conditioning evaporator, the three types of air-conditioning compressors, an air-conditioning condenser, an air conditioning metering device, packaged air-conditioning equipment, and split system equipment. Students will be able to list the different types of evaporator coils and identify the different types of condensers.
Heating and Humidification Systems
In this unit, students will discuss the efficiency and relative operating costs of electric heat, list the types of electric heaters and state their uses and describe how sequencers operate in electric forced air furnaces. Students will trace the circuity in a diagram of an electric forced air furnace, perform basic tests in troubleshooting electrical problems in an electric forced-air furnace and lastly, describe typical preventative, maintenance procedures used in electric heating units and systems.
Air Distribution and Measurements
In this unit, students will describe the characteristics of the propeller and centrifugal blowers, take basic air pressure measurements and measure air quantities. Students will list the different types of air-measuring device, describe the common types of motors and drivers and describe various duct systems. In addition, students will describe a return air system and plot airflow conditions on the air friction chart.
Air Conditioning, Heat Pumps and Controls
In this unit, students will describe the control sequence for an air-conditioning system, explain the function of the 24-V control voltage and explain the operation of the high and low pressure controls. They will describe the space thermostat, the compressor contractor and how crankcase heat is applied in some modern equipment. They will identify operating and safety controls, compare modern and older control concepts.
Service and Troubleshooting
In this unit, students will select the correct instruments for checking and air-conditioning unit with a mechanical problem, calculate the correct operating suction pressures for both standard and high efficiency air-conditioning equipment under various conditions and calculate the standard operating discharge pressures at various ambient conditions. Students will select the correct instruments to troubleshoot electrical problems in air-conditioning system, check the line and low voltage power supplies and troubleshoot basic electrical problems in an air-conditioning system.
Protect Self and Others
Demonstrate an understanding of workers¿ and others¿ rights and responsibilities under various acts and codes, and be aware of applicable safety organizations.
Fasteners, Hand Tools and Power Tools
In this module, students will identify fasteners in term of size, applications, and capacity. They will electrical fasteners, pipe fasteners and general fasteners. Students will determinate the factors used to select each fastener, identify the proper methods for storing and handling of fasteners based on various factors. Identify hand tools in term size and shape, application to specific materials, strength, operating range, assembly and adjustment. They will determine the proper methods for storing and handling hand tools based on set criteria. Students will be able to select the appropriate testing equipment based on its application and method of usage.
Properties, Characteristics, Safe Handling of Propane and Natural Gas
In this module, students will identify various properties of gas. Some of these include: specific gravity, density, upper and lower explosive limits, etc. Students will investigate various requirements for combustion and the chemical properties of combustion. The same criteria listed above, will be applied to natural gas as well.
Installation Codes, Acts and Regulations
In this unit, students will identify the governing bodies, associations and agencies that regulate the installation of the propane and natural gas, and specify their corresponding responsibilities. Examples of these organizations include: TSSA, MCBS, CSA, CSA International, CGA, ETL, Warnock Hersy, ULC and others.
Introduction to Electricity
In this module, students will identify electrical hazards, safe working techniques, procedures and applicable electrical codes. Students will use different electrical measuring and testing instruments to troubleshoot various electrical circuits. Various electrical concepts and theories will be examined. Simple circuits will be examined in detail; constructing diagrams, measuring current and voltage, calculating resistance etc.
Technical Manuals, Specifications, etc.
In this module, students will reference the Natural Gas and Propane installation code and manufactures specifications. They will be exposed to orthographic projections, detailed and assembly drawings, pictorial drawings, schematics and wiring drawings. Students will interpret various charts, listing the advantages and disadvantages of each.
In this module, students will refine their customer relations skills. A large focus will be on understanding the customers’ needs coping strategies, active listening, constructive behavior, addressing customer complaints and reconciling differences. A portion of the module is focused on property damage prevention. This includes protective pads, floor mats, safe handling techniques safe and proper clean up.
Introduction to Piping and Tubing Systems
In this module, students examine various steel piping, cooper pipe and tubing, methods of joining, aluminum tubing, identify plastic pipe used in distribution and gas service utilities, identify flexible stainless steel hose and tubing, identify connectors, identify hoses, review code requirements, and explore various connections types, fittings and valves.
Introduction to Gas Appliances
In this module, students will examine various venting systems and the various factors affecting them. They will identify various types of burner design such as inshot, upshot, ported, infrared tube, ceramic and ribbon. Students will view different pilot burner designs and ignition systems. They will explore different sensing methods. In addition, they will describe the requirements to convert an appliance from propane to natural gas or vice versa.
Advanced Piping and Tubing Systems
In this module, students will work with various piping & tubing systems. Based on the size of the system, they will explore topics such as number of appliances, specific gravity, allowable pressure drop, proper fitting etc. They will perform various duties such as welding, marking, preparing pipe, cutting, grinding, and testing. They will explore welding certification requirements and procedures to ensure safe handling and operating applications. Other topics include maintenance and repair, review codes, types of valves etc.
In this module, students will examine various concepts associated with electricity. Some of these include amperes, various fuses & breakers, current GFCI’s etc. Students will work with various types of gauges of wires; how to conductors are sized to carry different max. currents. Based on the application, students will determine the type of insulation required on a conductor. Students will examine various diagrams & schematics representing an electrical application. Students will select the appropriate testing & measuring equipment based on various setups & conditions.
Controls (Mechanical and Electric)
In this module, students will work with both electrical & mechanical controls. They will explore fundamental concepts of each, identify various components, functions, types, and operations. They will employ various troubleshooting techniques to identify, test, diagnose, recommend and replace defective components in electrical and mechanical circuits.
Building as a System
In this module, students will explain the key components of the building as a system and how they impact on heat, moisture and air flow. They will describe building science principles as they relate to heat, moisture and air flow in the building. Students will explain ways of incorporating energy conservation measures into building construction and renovation. In addition, students will explain how mechanical systems affect heat, moisture, and air flows of a building.
Domestic and Non-Vented Appliances
Students will install and service various ranges, clothes dryers and barbeques. They will review code related to the proper hook-up of gas piping to gas ranges. Students will test operating and supply pressures, follow manufacturer’s specifications for service. Describe and identify the operating parameters and controls, interpret wiring and schematic diagrams. Students will select appropriate testing equipment for each application.
Gas Meters, Pressure Regulators and Relief Valves
Students will operate on cylinders, tanks, gas meters, pressure regulators, and relief valves. They will explain the purpose of propane and natural gas regulators, describe types of pressure regulators, and determine sizing requirements and venting procedures. Students will use appropriate testing equipment to test for leaks and malfunctions. They will perform installation procedures according to code and to the manufacturer’s specifications.
Forced Warm Air Heating Systems
Students will install forced air furnaces. They will apply all local by-laws, permits, codes etc. to complete the installation. They will demonstrate electrical procedures, sheet metal procedures, set-up and activate appliance “mid or high” furnace, describe the mechanical and electrical components of forced air heating systems, service a fan assembly, demonstrate the use of diagnostic equipment and perform mechanical tests.
Domestic Gas Fired Refrigerators
Students will describe the fundamentals of operation of propane/natural gas refrigerators. They will review manufacturer’s instructions and review code requirements. They will name the 3 main elements and the 3 distinct fluid circuits in a gas and propane refrigerator. Students will describe proper air circulation and interpret troubleshooting charts. They will describe possible causes of malfunction, the installation procedures, and describe cleaning and annual servicing procedures.
Students will determine if conversion is possible, according to boiler and furnace type. They will
Describe the methods to check for air, fuel, gas and water leaks using appropriate sealant. They will clean both the boiler and the furnace. They will describe the theory of combustion and identify the factors that affect combustion such as dirty heat exchangers, excess air supply, and draft conditions and over firing the appliance.
Water Heaters and Combo Systems
Students will examine various types of water heaters and combination heating systems. They will describe and identify the different components of a water heater and combination system and describe testing procedures. Students will apply various electrical troubleshooting techniques to determine the integrity and operation of electrical and mechanical controls and components.
Hydronic Heating Systems
Students will replace/install and activate a hydronic heating system. The student will be required to prepare the site, use appropriate code and follow manufacturer’s instructions to correctly replace and/or install a hydronic boiler, connect boiler to an existing gas and water system, make proper venting connection and activate the system. Students will also apply troubleshooting techniques to determine electrical and mechanical pump malfunctions
Space Heating and Decorative Appliances
Students will define procedures, dismantle and reassemble space heating and decorative appliances. They will describe flame adjustments, flame characteristics, troubleshoot electrical systems and meters and insert electrical faults in space heater or decorative appliances.
Students will examine and identify each sample of approved venting material using the labels and course reference material. In addition, the student will install the vent connector for a draft hood vent appliance. Students will install the vent system for a power vented water heater, install the vent system for a category 1 furnace, category 3 furnace, and assemble vent system components for a side wall vented appliance
Forced Air Add-On Devices
Students will measure the return air duct work both horizontally and vertically, determine the overall dimensions of the accessory device to be installed, and determine the dimension between the supplies and return plenum. The students will be provide with a particular appliance, tape measure, installation instructions for the air cleaner, the appliance manufacturers’ electrical drawing for the forced air furnace, and the tools necessary to install the electronic air cleaner
Students will check the air temperature and air flow across an air handler. They will use a temperature measure device, air flow measuring device and a manometer, values for temperature rise and air flow quantities will be determined. Students will be able to identify any restriction points by a visual inspection of the appliance any add-on devices as well. They will assess existing ductwork, air filtration device, and humidifier and sheet metal components to determine furnace removal requirements
- Minimum of a Ontario Secondary School Diploma or equivalent, or a mature student
- Pass an entrance test administrated by PAT
- Be interviewed in detail regarding interest in the field
- Meet any additional program specific entrance requirements
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